• V. Kalinchyk National Technical University of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute named after Igor Sikorsky" , Ukraine
  • V. Kalinchyk National Technical University of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute named after Igor Sikorsky" , Ukraine
  • V. Pobigaylo National Technical University of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute named after Igor Sikorsky" , Ukraine
  • D. Melnyk National Technical University of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute named after Igor Sikorsky" , Ukraine



labor safety, monitoring, production system, glass, glass products, expert evaluation


The article analyzes the production system and the composition of the influencing harmful and dangerous factors. Glass and glass products are analyzed as the object of research. The technology of glass and glass products production is presented. It is shown that the technology of glass production consists of two production cycles: the cycle of glass technology and the cycle of glass products technology. Glassmaking is carried out in

three stages: the first stage - heating in glass furnaces, when there is a chemical interaction and clarification of the viscous mass, the second stage - lighting, the removal of bubbles, as well as dissolving the remaining undissolved grains of sand and the third stage - cooling glass to temperature convenient for making products from it. In such technology it is possible to allocate the following characteristic production processes which are characterized by existence of dangerous and harmful to the person factors. Transportation of raw materials is characterized by the influence of noise, the impact on the respiratory tract of aerosols, the influence of ergonomic factors, occupational injuries. Burning and melting is characterized by the influence of combustion products, the influence of smoke and aerosols of raw materials by fires or explosions, the influence of infrared radiation of molten material, electrocution, noise. Manual operations in the process of production, processing, packaging and storage in the warehouse and restoration work and reconstruction is characterized by various injuries. These factors make up the factor field of dangerous human influences, which contains four groups of factors: mechanical - noise, ergonomic factors of production, occupational injuries; temperature - thermal radiation, exposure to combustion products, fires and explosions, heat stroke and burns; the effect of aerosols on the human respiratory tract, the effect of auxiliary chemicals; electric – electrical unjury, the influence of electromagnetic fields, as well as the influence of the microclimate of industrial premises, which is determined by the combinations of temperature, humidity and air velocity acting on the human body, the temperature of the surrounding surfaces. It is shown that the level of influence of dangerous and harmful factors can be expertly established using the known method of rank correlation. The obtained results can be used for preliminary expert assessment of the impact of hazardous and harmful factors on the personnel of the enterprise for the production of glass and glass products.


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