• A. Khotian National Technical University of Ukraine ''Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute", Ukraine
  • V. Rozen Національний технічний університет України «Київський політехнічний інститут імені Ігоря Сікорського», Ukraine



local energy object, classification of local objects, SWOT - analysis of microgrids, energy balance, consumers, energy saving, energy efficiency.


Goal. Clarify the definition of the term "local energy object", by disclosing its essence and content in the energy network. To find out the strategic directions necessary for the development and dissemination of energy innovations in Ukraine with the participation of microgrids.

Task. Analyze and establish requirements for determining the term of a local energy object, develop a classification of energy objects according to different classification criteria. Justify the importance and essence of local energy objects in the power grid. Conduct a comprehensive assessment and analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of microgrids through the use of SWOT - analysis methodologies.

The result of the study. The article proposes and formulates the definition of the term of the local energy object. The classification of objects is developed by such categorical features as: economic - geographical position, functional purpose, power supply mode, criterion of effective management, method of management, type of performed task, parameter of electric energy consumption (power, type of current), size of object, human influence, form of ownership, category of electric receivers. The advantages and disadvantages, as well as opportunities and threats to the development of power supply of local objects as part of microgrids are presented. SWOT analysis methodology was used to conduct analytical research (analysis).

Scientific novelty consists in the introduction into scientific circulation of a new term, such as "local energy object", as well as in the disclosure of its essence, content and meaning.

Conclusions and practical significance. The definition of the term "local energy object" is clarified, its essence, content and meaning in the composition of energy networks are revealed, which helps to characterize the main subjects of energy. The strategic directions necessary for the development and dissemination of energy innovations in Ukraine in the long run are provided.


Infographic guide. Energy of Ukraine 2020 transformation and European integration, March 11, 2020 : [Electronic resource] - Access mode:

Law of Ukraine "On Energy Lands and the Legal Regime of Special Zones of Energy Facilities" of July 9, 2010 № 2480-VI

Dictionary of foreign words, ed. O.S. Melnichuk. - 2nd edition, corr. andext. Kyiv: Main Editorial Office of the Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia (URE), 1985 - 966 p.

"Universal Dictionary-Encyclopedia" (ALL): 4th edition, corrected and supplemented - Lviv: TEKA, 2006. 1432 pages, about 23,500 articles, 3270 illustrations, photos, maps, diagrams, tables.

Law of Ukraine "On Basic Principles of Cyber Security of Ukraine" of October 5, 2017 № 2163-VIII

Palamarchuk O.M. Economic and geographical position / Geographical Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Volume 1. - Kyiv: Ukrainian Encyclopedia, 1989.

Draft study "Microgrids: world experience and opportunities for Ukraine", A. Zinchenko, Yu. Usenko, V. Butyuk, O. Mykhaylenko. 2017: [Electronic resource] - Access mode:

Buslova N.V. "Analysis of the feasibility of using microgrids", Buslova N.V., Primachenko O.O., [Electronic resource]: "Modern problems of electric power engineering and automation". - Kyiv: FEA KPI them. Igor Sikorsky, 2017. - Art. 146-151.

Classification of forms of ownership. State Standard of Ukraine; Classifier dated 22.11.1994 № 288

Mini-grid Policy Toolkit. Policy and Business Frameworks for Successful Mini-grid Roll-outs. Michael Franz, Nico Peterschmidt, Michael Rohrer, Bozhil Kondev. Eschborn, 2014.

Abalonin S. SWOT-analysis of the enterprise / S. Abalonin - Marketing № 6, 1999. - 109 p.

F. Meissner. Improving energy efficiency in Ukraine: reducing regulation and stimulating energy saving / F. Meissner, D. Naumenko, J. Radeke // Institute of Economic Research and Policy Consulting. Berlin / Kyiv, 2012 [Electronic resource] - Access mode: