lightning, minimum shielding failure current, overhead ground wire, electro-geometric model.


In this paper the efficiency of lightning shielding provided by single overhead ground wire mounted atop of a double circuit self-supported 220 kV lattice power transmission line tower with a total height of 37.115 m was examined. According to the electro-geometric concept, each phase conductor of a power transmission line has an area where the overhead ground wire does not provide full protection against a direct lightning strike. The width of this unprotected area depends on the design and dimensions of overhead power line tower, the expected magnitude of the lightning current and decreases with increasing magnitude of the discharge current. The lightning protection effectiveness of upper and middle phase conductors was studied. The values of the minimum lightning current, capable of causing an insulation flashover in case of the lightning shielding failure were calculated. The minimum values ​​of the lightning current at which complete shielding is achieved have also been determined. It was found that for upper phase conductor the minimum current at which a complete lightning shielding is achieved is 7.597 kA, and it is smaller than minimum current of 8.604 kA capable to cause an electrical flashover of the transmission line insulation. For middle phase conductor the lowest current at which a complete lightning shielding is achieved is 5.976 kA, that is much smaller than minimum current of 9.206 kA leading to an insulation flashover. The results show that the specified overhead power line is protected from dangerous lightning currents. However, computations show that downward lightning flashes having a smaller current magnitude are able to bypass the shield wire and hit the phase conductors. In this regard, due to unpredictable nature of lightning, to improve the lightning protection of power lines, other measures can be applied, including the use transmission line arresters mounted on or near towers at individual points of the power line. When thunderstorm activity increases due to global warming, strengthening of lightning protection measures is justified.


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