energy, economic and environmental efficiency; virtually organized energy management systems


Energy management systems are one of the most powerful and widespread tools for solving problems of increasing the efficiency of energy use, reducing the energy intensity of production and, as a result, increasing the competitiveness of any country's economy. Among the priority tasks of energy management, one of the key ones is the minimization of the negative consequences of the impact of energy-intensive technological systems on the environment and the satisfaction of consumer demands for the quality of energy supply. This requires the energy management systems of the organization and the procurement of equipment and services for the effective transformation, distribution and use of energy, taking into account economic, energy and environmental (3-E) restrictions. At the same time, tasks related to operational management of energy supply processes for consumers in real time are becoming more and more relevant. For a comprehensive, eco-balanced solution to these problematic tasks, this work proposes to use virtual energy management systems that implement closed cycles of energy management. This required the solution of such tasks as conducting a comparative analysis of methods and mechanisms for increasing 3-E efficiency due to the implementation of a comprehensively balanced energy management system, building and structuring multi-level management systems, developing theoretical principles for coordinating the interaction of their elements. The implementation of these tasks within the framework of a comprehensively balanced system of virtual energy management is carried out on the basis of information and communication technologies, which are used by system operators to monitor, control and optimize the parameters of the business activities of the organization (company), including those related to the actions of personnel for managing work modes technological and auxiliary equipment in real time. In general, this study systematizes the main directions, methods and models of organizing virtual complex-balanced energy management systems and offers conceptual solutions for building such systems.


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