aviary, side ventilation, CFD, inlet valve, aerodynamics


Maintaining a standardized microclimate in the poultry house is one of the main factors. The quality of the output ultimately depends on the quality indicators of the air parameters. Keeping a bird requires great efforts and technological solutions. In connection with this study, there is an improvement of the microclimate system in the air environment of the poultry house due to the inclusion of exhaust fans on the rear end wall in an unconventional way. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) using ANSYS Fluent is a powerful tool for predicting the microclimate system in the poultry house as an alternative to experimental studies. The CFD model was performed on the Navier-Stokes equations for convective flows. The calculations use the Discrete Ordinates radiation model and the Spalart-Allmaras turbulence model.

The calculations were made with an air consumption of 21.5 kg/s. The temperature of the outside air is assumed equal to +3 ºС and the thermal radiation parameter is entered. For air removal, Munters EM50 1.5 HP exhaust fans are used in a total number of 4 pcs. Inflow valves Wlotpowietrza 3000-VFG with a total number of 80 pcs., which are placed at a height of 0.21 m from the ceiling (1-8 valves) and 0.81 m for 9-40 valves.

According to the results of CFD modeling of hydrodynamics and heat and mass exchange processes, it was concluded that changing the angle of the spoiler by 73o allows air to be supplied to the center of the poultry house. The upper air layers near the ceiling and near the side wall have a slightly higher temperature. This is accompanied by radiation from the sun and ranges from +21.5 to +24.5 . Since the bird is a source of heat, and in combination with radiation, the air in the room is partially heated. In the center of the room along the entire height, the temperature reaches +15-16 . At the same time, the pressure drop of the inlet valves is 70 Pa, which allows the exhaust fan to be fully supplied. The air velocity at the inlet of the inflow valves is 11.54 m/s. The average air speed at a height of 0.7 m from the floor level is 0.5 m/s, the temperature is 16.55 .

Thus, the presented scientific research can be used in the future to develop new ventilation systems for poultry houses.


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